Hikkaduwa Beach & Coral Garden – Hikkaduwa is a scenic spot located on the southern coast of Sri Lanka. It belongs to the Southern Province and is located close to Galle on the Galle Road from Colombo to Galle, about 20 km northwest of the city of Galle. And can be reached by the Colombo-Galle main road as well as the Southern Railway from Colombo to Matara. Hikkaduwa is a popular beach resort on the southwest coast of Sri Lanka. Hikkaduwa Beach is a beach that offers plenty of opportunities for water sports, diving, and snorkeling. Meanwhile, Hikkaduwa has earned a reputation as a safe surfing beach.
Hikkaduwa beach is surrounded by shallow waters. It is a marine sanctuary. Large numbers of fish species and large turtles can be seen here. Colorful fish floating in the coral composition can also be seen on a boat with glass bottoms. More than 4 km away, the resort is home to hotels, shops, bars, restaurants, guest houses, and seasonal nightclubs.
Hikkaduwa is one of the premier tourist destinations in the country, with facilities for skiing, diving, and sunbathing. Hikkaduwa has been a tourist destination since the days when Sri Lanka was a British colony.
Hikkaduwa Coral Garden is a popular destination in the world and attracts thousands of visitors from all over the world. The 251-kilometer-long natural rock flower garden adds to the uniqueness of the beach, which stretches for 24 miles. Due to its location on the seabed near the coast, it is a frequent tourist attraction. The Seenigama Temple, the Thotagamuwa Raja Maha Viharaya, the Hikkaduwa National Park, the Hikkaduwa Tourist City, and the scenic beach are some of the major tourist attractions in the area, attracting thousands of local and foreign tourists every year.
Corals are part of a protected organism. This is the responsibility of the Department of Wildlife Conservation. According to their powers, it was first declared a maritime sanctuary. That was in 1979. It was upgraded to a nature reserve in 1998 to protect the “Galmal Uyana”. Then in the year, 2002 Hikkaduwa was made the 16th National Park of Sri Lanka by adding 254 acres of land to it. Today, the park covers 1.5 miles of the beach. This is also a full-fledged marine park in Sri Lanka. Seagrass and algae are found here, and 60 species of corals belonging to 31 species of Gatipara-type coral reefs found at here have been recorded. There are many types of corals, such as deer horns, deer horns, cabbage-shaped, brain-shaped, cloud-shaped, star-shaped, and so on. Parasitic fish are the major group of coral reefs. There are 113 species of fish belonging to 48 genera. Crabs, prawns, lobsters, oysters, sea worms, sea urchins, squirrels, etc. are also common here. Colombo turtle and leather turtle are also found in Hikkaduwa.