Polonnaruwa Gal Viharaya

Polonnaruwa Gal Viharaya – It is no secret that the Hela artist has been specializing in Buddha statues to bring light to the hearts of the people. This is evident when we observe ancient statues and statues scattered throughout Sri Lanka. Various reports and books show that not only us but also foreigners have been impressed by the creations of the Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa period.

When discussing Buddhist art, we cannot forget the Polonnaruwa period. Although temples were not frequent during this period, there are many important historical places. C. The. C. 1017 BCE The. History records 21 kings who ruled Polonnaruwa during the 219 years up to 1236 AD. Although the Tamils ​​ruled Polonnaruwa in the early days, the Sinhala kings have been able to liberate the country from them and make Polonnaruwa a fertile kingdom.

The Vihara temples built in Polonnaruwa, which are under the rule of the Hela rulers, have a special significance.

Historical Background of the Stone Temple

According to historical sources, the stone temple was built by King Parakramabahu the Great. That was in the 12th century. Historians say that this temple complex was built with the intention of promoting religious revival in the construction of Polonnaruwa as the capital.

The statues of the rock caves have been created in association with its location on a small rock. Historical evidence shows that the use of Buddha statues in a single rock or rock, without the use of clay or mortar, was very popular during this period.

Plan of the stone temple

When examining it is clear that the Vihara complex is a well designed and well-built temple complex. There are four statues, each separated by a single rock. These three caves; The Vijayadhara Cave, named as Nisinna Patima Lena or Nipunna Fatima Cave, is difficult to pinpoint.

There are four statues in these caves. those,

Large Samadhi statue at work
A small Samadhi statue at work
The standing statue
As a statue of Parinirvana.
Large Samadhi statue at work
The Great Samadhi Statue.
The Great Samadhi Statue.

This is the first sight of a date palm idol when entering the Galvihara sacred area. There is a diamond mark on the seat. It is also known as the Padmasana. The statue is decorated with lions on either side. C. Archaeologists believe that the statue may have been influenced by 8th-century Buddhism.

The statue’s height is 15 feet 2 inches. According to scholars, the Buddha who was ready to perform the ritual represents a time when the Buddha was preoccupied with Samadhi. This is a statue of Samadhi Buddha who is in a state of heroism. You can see the small statues of Buddha in the statues.

A small Samadhi statue at work Polonnaruwa Gal Viharaya

It is worth noting that the statue of the Samadhi of Samadhi was built in a cave. The cave where the statue is located is also known as the Vijayadhara cave. The statue is 4 feet 7 inches tall and the board is 1 foot 9 1/2 inches. Behind the statue is a beautifully carved pandal. Two statues of gods are on either side, depicting a shamanic form.

The statue of Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu are carved on this statue. The cave has been adorned with frescoes. These murals from the Polonnaruwa era also showcase the artistic features of the Anuradhapura period paintings. The brown color is used to look like the frescoes of the Thivanka statue.

Scholars believe that one of the murals found in the cave may have been Sakra’s. The statue thus depicts the time when the Buddha Touthissa Thera, the Mother and the Mother of the world, saw the Abhidhamma.
This is the most attractive statue in the stone temple. The statue is 22 feet 9 inches tall and is made of two-sided posture. The distinctive feature of this is that it has a seal not seen anywhere else. Although there are many opinions on the statue, it is now accepted that the statue represents an instance of the Buddha because of several important features.

The statue is made like standing on a padam. There is also a golden relic of the two sexes. Moreover, the majestic style of the statue and its serene nature testify to the image of the Buddha.

The statue has two other distinctive features. It is the image of the statue’s lips and its style. Archaeologists and historians see the Dhyana Samapatti as a moment before the Buddha’s resurrection, standing up for a moment and wondering if he had done everything

Legend has it that the posture on the chest is depicted as “Paradhukha Dukkitha Posture”, “Animisalochana Pooja”, “Paradhukha Vijayana”, “Buddha’s Great Kindness”. According to scholars, the euphoria of lips is symbolic of a satisfactory slowing down of their work.

The Parinirvana Statue
The statue of Parinirvana.
The statue of Parinirvana.

It is 46 feet long and 11 inches tall. This is confirmed by the proximal abdominal region and the left leg, which extends along the body, and the bottom of one foot shorter than the other. The statue of Lion Seiya resting on a statue has some unique features. Other parochial statues do not include the lower ears, the three lines that rise from the abdomen, the bare eyes, the sinking of the mattress, and the back of the head when the soul is purified.

Experts also state that the disappearance of the Buddha’s headline in the Parinirvana, leaving only the lotus chart on both feet, the robe is worn afterward, depicts the life of the Buddha, who passed away not only from this life but also from the path of samsara.
One of the hallmarks of the Galvihara statues in Polonnaruwa is the use of parallel pair lines to show the wrinkles of the robe.

The Polonnaruwa Periodic attempt to instill in the Buddhist minds the devotion and the impermanence of the Buddha through the important moments of the life of the Buddha should not necessarily be in our honor.