Polonnaruwa, formerly known as Vijayaraja Puram, Jananapuram, Jananatha Mangalam was a kingdom. History states that King Vijayabahu I defeated the invaders and made the capital of Polonnaruwa in 1070. King Parakramabahu the Great, who succeeded him to the Polonnaruwa kingdom, may be described as the ruler of the country. King Nissanka Malla succeeded Parakramabahu as king of Polonnaruwa. After that, there was no successful ruler. Later the kingdom shifted from Polonnaruwa to Dambadeniya.
Buddhist architecture, as well as Buddhist art, Hindu architecture and Hindu art can be seen in the ruins of Polonnaruwa. The Hindu influence in Polonnaruwa came from the Soli invasions. In Polonnaruwa you can see places like the Gal Vihara, Pothgul Vehera, Polonnaruwa Vatadage, Meeting Hall, Sathmahal Prasad, Rankoth Vehera, Hatadage, Parakumba Statue and Vijayantha Prasadaya. Polonnaruwa One can also visit the ancient sites such as Dimbulagala, Medirigiriya, Namal Pokuna, Silumina Seya, Maduru Oya, Thoppigala, Giritale, Elahera and Kalahagala.