Sinharaja Rain Forest Reserve is a national park spread over 11250 hectares in the range of 300-1170 m in the Rakwana range in the southwest of the central hills of Sri Lanka. It has received international attention and has been designated by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve and a World Heritage Site. Part of Sri Lanka’s Low Rainforest Eco Zone, this non-mountainous rainforest was protected from commercialization due to accessibility difficulties. This was named as a Biosphere Reserve in 1978 and a World Heritage Site in 1988. The name “Sinharaja” in the forest reserve means “Sinharaja Padhana”. To the east of the reserve is a distance of west to west. 21km and maximum distance from North to South It is a sanctuary for endangered species including mangroves, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.