Wilpattu National park covers 131,000 hectares and belongs to the Anuradhapura, Mannar and Puttalam districts. There are thick thorns and whistles throughout the Wilpattu area which is why the population of elephants is limited to a part of Wilpattu. Wilpattu is known for being the home of leopards and bears. Deer, ants, crocodiles, peacocks, foxes and many other species of birds that can be spotted in the Wilpattu National Park. Two out of the 60 above mentioned pools have no connection to the sea, but they are unique to the sea. It is believed that Wilpattu, an area under the sea has been eroded by a seismic event in the past.